October 25: Trials at Nuremberg

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Written by Matthew Mendez, Journalist

October 25, 1946. The first trials against non-leading Nazi war criminals commence in Nuremberg, Germany. At least twenty Nazi physicians, two administrators, and an attorney were charged with a variety of war crimes such as murder, human experimentation, and medical torture. Ever since its founding on February 24, 1920, in the German city of Munich,

the Nazi Party held a deep hatred for minorities in Europe, especially against the Jewish people.

To Hitler and his Nazi followers, the Jews and other minorities proved culpable for Germany’s defeat in World War I and the economic depression which followed. Soon following the Nazi rise to power in Germany, Hitler ordered the deportation and massacre of up to 20 million people in what is known known as the Holocaust. Some of the individuals imprisoned in the concentration camps became subject to cruel forms of torture and experimentation, as the Nazi regime grew obsessed with scientifically proving the “superiority” of the so called “Aryan Race”. Eventually, with the defeat of the Nazi lead Germany on May 7, 1945, members of the Nazi party were tried for the atrocities committed in what would come to be called the Nuremberg Trials. Despite best efforts by the Allied Powers to hunt down fleeing war criminals, some Nazis escaped Europe, never to be seen again.